Disclaimer: The following material is being kept online for archival purposes.

Although accurate at the time of publication, it is no longer being updated. The page may contain broken links or outdated information, and parts may not function in current web browsers.

Teachers--please register:

(1) Your name (2) Address (3) E-mail (4) School (5) Grade-s for which this material is to be used (6) Parts to be used (or "all").
    Any comments would be most welcome!

Send them to the author David P. Stern, address stargaze("at" symbol)phy6.org

Lesson Plans

    Please Note: These lessons were originally written in 1999, but were expanded and upgraded in 2004, and a few were added then. These are not scripts for lessons, but outlines and suggested discussions, questions and examples, often going beyond what can be comfortably covered. Teachers should always select parts which are appropriate to the needs of their particular class.

Questions from Users: *** A teacher asks about compiling lesson plans

Astronomy of the Earth's motion in space:

Stargazers and Skywatchers
 1a.    The Celestial Sphere
 1b.    Finding the Pole Star
2. The Path of the Sun, the Ecliptic
 2a.    Building a Sundial
3. Seasons of the Year
4. The Angle of the Sun's Rays
5. Latitude and Longitude
 5a.   Navigation
 5b.    Coordinates
6. The Calendar
7. Precession
8. The Round Earth and Christopher Columbus
      Includes 8a. Distance to the Horizon
 8b.     Parallax
 8c.     How Distant is the Moon?--1
 8d.     How Distant is the Moon?--2
    The central role of the Sun
 9a.    Aristarchus: Is Earth Revolving around the Sun?
      Includes 9a-1. The Earth's Shadow
 9b.    The Planets (the following lesson covers part of this, but not the planets)
 9c.    Copernicus, Galileo, and the Discovery of the Solar System
    (from the main index page)
        "Kepler's 3 Laws of Planetary Motion," a one-hour overview lecture presented to teachers 23 March 2005.
        Guide to the sections on Kepler's Laws, discussed below.

10. Kepler and his Laws
11. Graphs and Ellipses
 11a.    Ellipses and Kepler's First Law
12. Kepler's Second Law


Newtonian mechanics

13. The Way Things Fall
14. Vectors
15. Energy
16. Newton and his Laws
17. Mass       Includes:
 17a.    Mass Measurements aboard Space Station Skylab
 17b.    Comparing Masses without the Use of Gravity
18. Newton's Second Law
 18a.     Newton's 3rd Law
 18b.    Momentum
19. Motion in a Circle
20. "Newton's theory of "Universal Gravitation"
21. Kepler's Third Law       Includes:
 21a.    Applying Kepler's Third Law
22. Frames of Reference: The Basics
 22a     Airplane Flight
23. Frames of Reference: The Centrifugal Force
24. Rotating Frames of Reference in Space and on Earth


The Sun

S-1.     Sunlight and the Earth
    S-1A.     Weather and the Atmosphere
    S-1B.     Global Climate, Global Wind Flow
S-2.     Our View of the Sun
S-3.     The Magnetic Sun
S-4.     The Many Colors of Sunlight
S-5.     Waves and Photons
S-6.     Seeing the Sun in a New Light
S-7.     The Energy of the Sun
    S-7A.     The Discovery of Atoms and Nuclei
                  (appendix to the preceding lesson plan)

Helpful Material

Questions and Answers by users of "Stargazers".
Hints to users.
A Glossary of Terms     (Cross-linked, keyed to the text)
Annotated Timeline   (Chronology with added dates from history). .
Of special interest to teachers:

"From Stargazers to Starships" follows an earlier site "The Exploration of the Earth's Magnetosphere". "Stargazers" deals with the world of gravity--of massive planets and stars, and the way spaceflight is achieved despite their strong pull. "Exploration" on the other hand looks at the hot (but usually rarefied) gases which fill most of space, which are ruled by magnetic and electric forces rather than by gravity. The polar aurora, the radiation belts, the solar wind, magnetic storms, "space weather", cosmic radiation--this is the site which tells you all about them.

                    Back to top of this Index                     Back to the Master Index

        Guides to teachers...       A newer one           An older one             Timeline         Glossary

Author and Curator:   Dr. David P. Stern
     Mail to Dr.Stern:   stargaze("at" symbol)phy6.org .

Last updated: 11-30-2004

Above is background material for archival reference only.

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